Between 1889 and 1947, Japan’s official name was 大日本帝国 (Dai-Nippon Teikoku, literally the Empire of Great Japan), just as 大英帝国 (Daiei Teikoku) referred to the British Empire. Chuck Hawks writes about the best military tanks of World War II. Since Japan was virtually dependent on Having grown up in an army family, acronyms and military jargon (like AWOL — absent without leave) were a daily part of life. Here is a glossary of military terminology — 順不同 (junfudō, in no particular order) — to brush up on in time for the 70th anniversary of the end of 第二次世界大戦 (Dainiji Sekai Taisen, World War II): 兵隊募集 (heitai boshū, military recruitment), 軍事義務 (gunji gimu, compulsory military service), 軍人手帳 (gunjin techō, a pocket-sized booklet carried by every soldier and sailor, containing the bearer’s identity and military record), 千人針 (senninbari, a “thousand-stitch sash,” a sash sewn by women and worn by soldiers for good luck), 二等兵 (nitōhei, private [the lowest enlisted rank]), 気をつけの姿勢で立つ (ki o tsuke no shisei de tatsu, to stand at attention), 安めの姿勢で立つ (yasume no shisei de tatsu, to stand at ease), 軍刀 (guntō, military sword, carried by officers), 鉄帽 (tetsubō, literally, “steel hat,” i.e., a helmet), 帽垂れ (bōtare, cloth strips attached to the rear of a cap to keep the sun from the wearer’s neck), 十六条旭日旗 (jūrokujō kyokujitsu-ki, rising sun flag with 16 rays), トーチカ (tōchika, a pillbox [from the Russian tochka]), 軍票 (gunpyō, occupation currency or military payment certificates, used outside of Japan), 防空電球 (bōkū denkyū, light bulbs for observing blackouts), 枢軸国 (sūjikukoku, countries of the Axis pact), 戦争症候群 (sensō shōkōgun, “shell shock” or post-traumatic stress disorder), 軍事裁判 (gunji saiban, military court martial), 銃殺刑 (jūsatsukei, execution by firing squad), 大和魂 (Yamato damashii, the Japanese fighting spirit), 玉砕 (gyokusai, literally “jade shards,” meaning an honorable death or death without surrender. Japanese land forces were not trained and equipped for mobile warfare or tank battles and it was made painfully obvious. If you are searching for a word in Japanese (Kanji) dictionary and not receiving any results, try without Kana (term in brackets). When gasoline supplies became depleted, cars were modified into 木炭自動車 (mokutan jidōsha, vehicles that ran on charcoal). Perhaps the best way to enable dictionary search is through integration into the search field of your browser. EUdict (European dictionary) is a collection of online dictionaries for the languages spoken mostly in Europe. A useful lexicon of military-related Japanese terms. Note that in this case I used mostly sources from US military intelligence in World War 2. was one of several new medium and heavy tanks developed by the Imperial Japanese Army towards the end of World War II. On a more serious note, because so much news coverage this summer is being devoted to the 70th anniversary of the end of 第二次世界大戦 (Dainiji Sekai Taisen, World War II), I’ve complied an overview of the words, phrases and concepts that found wide usage up to 1945, and which still crop up in news articles, TV period dramas and documentaries. The illustrated guide to military vehicles. Sometimes you can find translation results directly from Google by typing: eudict word. The Type 4 Chi-To was a thirty-ton, all-welded tank with a maximum armor thickness of about 75 mm. A selection of Japanese tanks ported from World Of Tanks. Yukiko will help you learn the important military words in Japanese with the more than enjoyable flash cards below, and then you can quiz yourself with the dangerously addictive Lingo Dingo review game! Recultured podcast, Directory of who’s who in the world of business in Japan. Imperial Japanese Army Type 95 light tank “Ha-Go” 1st Prototype, before the weight reduction modification During the Second World War, it became clear that Type 95 was hopelessly outdated and did not pose a serious threat. 1 2 3. Allied troops endured over three years of brutal fighting, often in extreme terrain and menaced by severe weather and the threat of disease. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). What is the Japanese word for military? Japanese Military Swords – Slashing Weapon Mastery Japan has a rich history when it comes to the use of swords. Are you looking for authentic WW2 German Militaria? The ideogram "Chi" meant a medium tank, "Te" a tankette, "Ke" a light tank, "Ho" (artillery) a sel… Side and Pinyin and English terms on the other this page contains many types of Japanese Models, model... ) briefly operated small numbers of Ha-Gos during the War, it translate... War years, 1939-1945 War, it can translate several words at if. 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