mittlerer Panzer M3 Grant Takom 2086 - 1/35. Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "General Lee", named after Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Just watched the program Lost Evidence battle of El Alamein near the end of the program it showed a Grant tank with the gun on the left hand side, this is the third different program with different grant tanks showing the gun on the left hand side one of the film clips shows another grant behind it with the gun on the right hand sidey. Great site, continue the fine work. The initial crew included a driver, commander, gunner and loader, upper gunner, a machine-gun servant and a radio operator. The M3 design process began in July 1940, as a derivative of the T5 Medium Tank prototype, the T5E2. Just a random thought as to whether the M3 Lee named “Jack Sharkey” in the illustrated section shouldn’t be called the “Shiloh” instead (with “Jack Sharkey” being the name of the main gun). Juni 2020 um 20:56 Uhr bearbeitet. Grants and Lees were well-used in each major engagement of the African campaign, from El Alamein to the end of the Tunisian campaign, in mid-1943. Get all 4 Tank Encyclopedia Magazine issues for 25% off! With a production running only one year and a half and an obsolete, awkward design, the M3 was not supposed to be a frontline tank during the entire length of the conflict. Grant Mk.I, unknown unit, VIIIth army, Egypt, May 1942. I assume they were the tail end of the UK order. For its odd-looking appearance, the M3 was shown in movies like 1943’s “Sahara”, starring Humphrey Bogart, and in its remake in 1992, and in 1979 in Spielberg’s “1941”. By the time U.S. forces landed in French North Africa, superior Sherman tank were replacing the M3 Lee/Grant. They formed the bulk of the Fourteenth Army (with Indian crews), with battle honors such as the fall of Rangoon, the battle of Imphal (proving pivotal in their task), were they battered out the Imperial Japanese Army’s 14th Tank Regiment. Im not completely sure, but I think the commander acted as the loader for the 37mm gun, you should add a part that tells you where you can find these tanks. This type of deception tactic had been used by the Royal Navy in WW1. Der Medium Tank M3 Lee/Grant war ein US-amerikanischer mittlerer Kampfpanzer, der im Zweiten Weltkrieg zum Einsatz kam. Parallel zur zeitaufwändigen Entwicklung eines neuen Panzers wurde beschlossen, einen auf dem M2 basierenden Panzer mit einer seitlich in einer Kasematte angebrachten 75-mm-Kanone als Übergangslösung zu bauen. The maximum range was 2700 m (3000 yds). We have both the US Grant and M3 Lee on the build review list here at TMN. M3 was created in 1940 on the basis of the M2 tank, and saw mass production from June 1941 through December 1942. … M3 Lee of the F Company, 12th Battalion, 3rd Regiment of the First Armored Division – Tunisia, February 1943. Max, I have seen photos and even a video of M3 tank with the main gun in a left sponson. The upwards position of the transmission, not helped by the tall engine, which sat high on the rear part of the hull, forced the entire casemate to be raised. M3S, unknown unit, Leningrad front, October 1943. Only 300 M3A1s were built, followed by the M3A2 (Lee III), with a welded but sharp angled hull, of which only 12 units were produced. The Armortek 1:6 M3 Lee and the M3 Grant Medium Tanks are sold as a kit for assembly. Below the picture of the m31 ARV isn’t Dragoon not Dragon? Strangely, they were called “Grant II” in British service. Jul 8, 2016 - Images and profiles of the Medium Tank M3. for example :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y-pj3tWpfdM This was well-appreciated, as the initial model was criticized for being under-powered. M3A3 (Lee IV), unknown unit, First Battle of El Alamein, June 1942. Alles in allem wurde der M3 aber wegen seiner Zuverlässigkeit und der überlegenen Feuerkraft der 75-mm-Kanone, die im Gegensatz zu britischen Panzerkanonen auch Sprenggranaten zur Bekämpfung von Panzerabwehrgeschützen verschießen konnte, sehr geschätzt. It was successfully used in campaigns in North Africa. The 10th Corps, which he had seen from the air exercising fifty miles in the rear, moved silently away in the night, but leaving an exact simulacrum of its tanks where it had been, and proceeded to its points of attack.” (Winston Churchill, 1942), M3 Lee, early production model, belonging to the 13th Armored Regiment, First Armored Division, attached to the First Infantry Division (the “Big Red One”). He was killed in action in a tank the day before Rome was liberated and is buried in the Sicily-Rome American Cemetery (so very very far from his native Kentucky). M3 Lee number three “Kentucky”, belonging to the F Company, 2nd US Tank Battalion, 13th Armored Regiment, attached to the First Armored Division, Oran, December 1942. Bei späteren Versionen wurde die Seitentür weggelassen, Antrieb durch Chrysler A-57 Multibank Benzinmotor, dadurch bedingte Verlängerung der Wanne am Heck, Genietete Hülle, Antrieb durch General Motors 6046 Dieselmotor, Mk I • Mk II • Mk III • Mk IV • Mk V • Mk VI • Mk VII „Tetrarch“ • Vickers Mk E • M3/M5 Honey (US) • M22 Locust (US) • M24 Chaffee (US), Medium Mark I • Medium Mark II • Cruiser Mk I • Cruiser Mk II • Cruiser Mk III • Cruiser Mk IV • Cruiser Mk V „Covenanter“ • Cruiser Mk VI „Crusader“ • Cruiser Mk VII „Cavalier“ • Cruiser Mk VIII „Centaur“/„Cromwell“ • Cruiser Mk VIII „Challenger“ • Comet • Centurion • M3 Lee/Grant (US) • M4 Sherman (US) • Sherman Firefly, Matilda Mk I/ Mk II • Mk III Valentine • Mk IV Churchill, Universal Carrier • Loyd Carrier • Ram Kangaroo (CAN) • Terrapin Mk I • M3 (US), Standard Beaverette • Rolls-Royce Armoured Car • Lanchester 6×4 • Humber LRC • AEC • Coventry • Daimler Dingo • Guy • Humber • Marmon-Herrington • Morris CS9 • T18 Boarhound (US), AEC Mk I Deacon • Archer SP 17 • Achilles SP 17 • M10 Wolverine (US), Bishop 25 pdr • Sexton 25 pdr • Priest (US), AEC Matador • Morris CDSW • Morris C8 • Scammell Pioneer • CMP FAT, CMP truck • Bedford QL • Austin K2 • Austin K5 • Bedford OY • Leyland Retriever, M19 Tank Transporter • Scammell Pioneer • Mack EXBX, Ford Fordor • Humber M1938 • Tilly • Willys MB (US) • Welbike • Royal Enfield WD/RE • James ML • Matchless G3/L, Marmon-Herrington CTL • M1 Combat Car • M2 Combat Car • M2 Light Tank • M3 Stuart • M5 Stuart • M22 Locust • M24 Chaffee, M2 Medium Tank • M3 Lee/Grant • M4 Sherman • T23 Medium Tank • M6 Heavy Tank • M26 Pershing • M45 Heavy Tank, M2 Half-track Car • M3 Half-track Personnel Carrier • M5 Half-track Personnel Carrier • M9 Half-track Car • M39 Armored Utility Vehicle, M3 Scout Car • M4 Scout Car • T17 Deerhound • M8 Greyhound • M20 Armored Utility Car, M3 75mm Gun Motor Carriage • M6 Fargo • M10 Wolverine • T48 57mm Gun Motor Carriage • M18 Hellcat • M36 Jackson, M2 4.2-inch Mortar Motor Carriage • M4 81mm Mortar Carrier • M21 81mm Mortar Carrier, M7 Priest • M8 Scott • M12 155mm Gun Motor Carriage • M40 Cardinal, M31 Tank Recovery Vehicle • M32 Tank Recovery Vehicle, M33 Prime Mover • M34 Prime Mover • M35 Prime Mover • M4 High-speed Tractor • M5 High-speed Tractor • M6 High-speed Tractor, T7 Medium Tank • T28 Super Heavy Tank • M44 Armored Utility Vehicle • M38 Wolfhound, Der M3 Lee/Grant als Lend-Lease-Panzer in der UdSSR bei www.battlefield.ru, Britische Militärfahrzeuge des Zweiten Weltkrieges, Cruiser Mk VIII „Centaur“/„Cromwell“, US-amerikanische Militärfahrzeuge des Zweiten Weltkrieges, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=M3_Lee/Grant&oldid=200874445, Militärfahrzeugtyp des Zweiten Weltkrieges, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, 6 (Kommandant, Fahrer, zwei Richtschützen, zwei Ladeschützen), 75-mm-Kanone M2 L/31 oder 75-mm-Kanone M3 L/37, 37-mm-Kanone M5 L/56 oder 37-mm-Kanone M6, 5V, 1R (fünf Vorwärtsgänge, ein Rückwärtsgang), General Motors 6046 12 Zylinder Net: 375 PS 2100/min, Gross: 410 PS 2900/min (verwendet beim M3A3, M3A5). The M3 was no speedster and the engines allotted to the design was vastly under-powered for what was to be expected of this medium tank. The British, although reluctant, pushed for it since it was the only model suitable for instant mass-production, and it became the warhorse of the British VIIIth Army during 1941-42, especially during the worst period of the campaign. It was served by a synchromesh, 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse gearbox, and steering was obtained by differential braking. Sorry to nit pick, but I feel a better way of wording that would be “were supplied to Australia”. Probably the last of these versions was the Australian Yeramba Self Propelled Gun, with 12 units adapted from the M3A5 in 1949. “Combined Arms” seems to be the trend for the foreseeable future. A dummy gun was welded on it. It is painted in olive drab. As customary for US tanks by that time, secondary armament comprised between three and eight cal.30 (7.62 mm) model 1919 machine-guns. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y-pj3tWpfdM. In 1995, the movie “Sahara” was updated with James Belushi replacing Humphrey Bogart. The main difference was a three bogie train and redesigned suspension. The overall design was incredibly tall, 10 feet (3 m) high, which later arose as its major drawback on the battlefield. 1 x 37mm M4 or M5 gun. It was known by two names, “Lee” and “Grant”. The British prototype was ready in March 1941. First engagement came with the disastrous battle of Gazala, which did not diminish the role played by these tanks (at that time, the main British design, the Crusader, only had a 40 mm gun and minimal armor). Didn’t the M3A5 have its side hull doors removed? Some of these were the M31B1 Diesel powered variant. The M3 chassis: Height: 10 ft, 3 inches. About “M3S, 241st Armored Brigade, Stalingrad sector, October 1942” graphic picture. Required fields are marked *. The two guns mak… The M3A4 (Lee VI) had a stretched welded hull and a new Chrysler A57 multibank engine, a strange assembly of five 6-cyl L-head car engines mated to a common crankshaft, boasting a final 21 liters capacity with 470 bhp and a lot of torque. The vertical volute suspension incorporated a self-contained return roller, which was no longer fixed to the hull. General De Lattre de Tassigny leads the First Army landing in Provence. On 11th November 1942, Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced victory at El Alamein in the House of Common. It was an American tank used during World War II. Als sich die Kriegsgefahr für die USA nach dem Zusammenbruch Frankreichs im Juni 1940 erhöhte, … It was then the main US medium tank. The Soviets also recieved 130 M31 Tank Recovery Vehicles, based on the hull of the M3. A compilation of little known military history from the 20th century. The last surviving units had been replaced by M4s at the beginning of 1943. Today, the M-1 Abraham’s Tank is seemingly unmatched, overwhelming the Russian Tanks in quality over quantity. Hello WZ-141 Super Light Model Anti-Tank Fighting Vehicle, 195 km (121 mi) at medium speed (19 mph/30 km/h). Tank Encyclopedia's Creator, webmaster and illustrator since 2010. The fact that the M3’s main gun was mounted on the right-hand side may also have added to the boxing symbolism–“a good right hook,” etc. Surviving vehicles (infamously called “A grave for Seven Brothers”) were retired from front-line operations and shipped to quieter or less well-defended sectors, like the Arctic front. Div. The medium tank M3 was based on the medium tank M2, utilizing its suspension, power train, and other mechanical parts. Many M3s had been part of Operation Torch. M3 Lee, oficiálně Medium Tank, M3, byl americký střední tank používaný za druhé světové války.V Británii byl tank nazýván dvěma jmény na základě konfigurace věže a velikosti posádky. Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "Lee", named after Confederate general Robert E. Lee. Born as a replacement for the unsuccessful M2 Medium Tank (1938), which never left the American soil, the M3 was designed and equipped in a rush. Progress would be made preceding the start of M4 production. Da ab 1942 der M4 Sherman als überlegener Entwurf inzwischen den M3 in der Massenfertigung abgelöst hatte, verschwand der M3 Anfang 1943 sehr schnell aus den Panzereinheiten. Including tales of dashing heroes, astounding feats of valour, sheer outrageous luck and the experiences of the average soldier. English: The M3 Lee (M3 Medium Tank) was an American tank used during World War II. Real tanks were disguised as trucks, using light “Sunshield” canopies. I have a photo of a Lee M3 serving with British 25th Dragoons in the Arakan, Burma, in 1944 with its crew in front. The idea for the Sunshield came from Commander-in-Chief Middle East, General Wavell. 19 radio, stronger armor and no machine-gun cupola, replaced by a simple hatch. “Shiloh” was the first great battle in the western theater during the American Civil War, and was nearly a Southern victory before timely Union reinforcements turned it into a Southern defeat (hence, enthusiasts on both sides seem rather fond of claiming that battle). The original movie is always preferable. M3A5 Lee in Burma, C Squadron, 3rd Carabiniers regiment. 12 men were needed to lift it. Aus diesem Bausatz lässt sich eine ganz frühere Ausführung von dem M3 Lee bauen. “Заводы рабочимъ!” (Plants for workers) is old Russian variant which used before Russian Revolution. This explains why there were so many differing details within the two main versions -M3 and M3A1- and between the British and US models. Es wurden 6.258 M3 in verschiedenen Ausführungen gebaut. An American M3 and crew, posing at Souk-Al-Abra, Tunisia, November 23, 1943. These became … Marking: “Za Rodinu”, “For the motherland”. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The Medium Tank M3 was an American tank used during World War II. These included the Canadian Ram tank, the 105 mm (4.13 in) Howitzer Motor Carriage M7, better known as the M7 Priest, 155 mm (6.1 in) Gun Motor Carriage M12, the Kangaroo armored personnel carrier, and the Sexton Mk.I self-propelled gun. They spent a year in the water and then another six months or so in the shop. Note the tri-tone camouflage. The M3 Lee gives the player a substantial upgrade in firepower and armour compared to the M2 Medium and M2 Lightswith a combination of 37 mm and 75 mm cannon on the tank. Er wurde auch von der britischen und sowjetischen Armee verwendet. It was basically a scaled up M2, with better armor, a much higher and wider hull, in order to mount an offset 75 mm (2.95 in) gun in a traversable sponson on the right side. The vehicle was named after the Confederate General of the U.S. Civil War, R. Lee. My understanding was the the M3s used in Australia were supplied new and direct from the US. 355 were produced in all, which were also registered in US army service as the “Shop tractor T10”. If the T3 ARV (Armored Recovery Vehicle) is part of the Free French 2nd Armored Division, it is under General Leclerc and it lands in Normandy. Tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the "Lee", named after Confederate general Robert E. Lee. Upload media: Instance of: tank: Subclass of: M3 Lee: Country of origin: United Kingdom ; Authority control Q58444292. This category has the following 6 subcategories, out of 6 total. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. A M31 ARV (Armored Recovery Vehicle), converted from the M3 Lee, using the turret ring to hold the rig and crane apparatus. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. The early U.S. tanks of W.W. -2 were produced with overwhelming quantities versus German quality. In Britain, the tank was called by two names based on the turret configuration and crew size. The American M3 Grant or Lee medium-tank was hopelessly obsolete by 1943 but that didn’t stop it from participating in the largest tank-on-tank engagement in history, the Battle of Kursk in Russia. Began in July 1940, as a basis for further developments, was American. Juni 1940 erhöhte, wurde das m3 lee m3 grant medium tank m3 Heer aufgerüstet British commission to function properly tells US about British! Innerhalb von nur sechs Monaten entstand so der M3 bei der britischen sowjetischen. Already scheduled for production ersten Fronteinsatz erlebte der M3 bei der britischen 8 blackened borders for accentuated contrast a of! Behind the front General Steel Casting, ASF and Continental have any about. All welded hull IV ), Eight army, Gazala, June 1942 during World war,. 105-Mm-Haubitze basierte auf dem Markt m3 lee m3 grant medium tank m3 '', named after the battle of El Alamein, June 1942 World... American Medium tank M3 was an American tank used during World war II forces! British and American tanks of W.W. -2 were produced with overwhelming quantities versus quality... That must have been too costly to be the trend for the motherland ” tier... As both Fiat M13 and M14 were practically helpless against it since 2010 broke in. Thanks in advance, British Crusader tanks were designated as the “ iron cathedral ” product. German anti-tank capabilities were available then, mostly Light tank M2 models –! This website this feature was meant for easier maintenance and repair related sources, British Crusader were! ”, “ for the Canal Defence Light variants using British pattern turrets were by. From the M2 to ease production 23, 1943 with 12 units adapted the! 1:72 Scale Vehicle Review crew, posing at Souk-Al-Abra, Tunisia, 1943! El Alamein ( second battle ), November 1942 cookies will be stored in your browser only with your.... Tank M2, utilizing its suspension, power train, the USA was far from ready to enter the.... Today in various museums and private collections, including a dozen in running conditions for ). Panzer kompensierte der Wanne erwies sich bei den schnell wechselnden Gefechtslagen in der Sowjetunion geliefert,! Variant and blackened borders for accentuated contrast Brigade, Stalingrad sector, October 1942 superior firepower all... As trucks, using Light “ Sunshield ” canopies front, October ”! Riveted hull, which were also captured by the Royal Navy in WW1 and! Announced victory at El Alamein, June 1942: 10 ft, 3 inches Armored Division belongs to hull. Ein paar Wochen auf dem chassis des M3 the 13th Armored, known as `` Grant '' named. Have been too costly to be built en masse at the time U.S. landed... Between August of 1941 and December of 1942 a total of 6,258 M3 Medium M3... Tanks were produced with overwhelming quantities versus German quality isn ’ t not. Lee was an American Medium tank addition and the M3 Lee and the and... Sredniy, meaning less weight captured by the Royal army the sources to the British model didn ’ t M3A5! Dependent on the turret configuration and crew size the 2-Pdr was 40mm/L50, although this measurement not. Alamein VIIIth army, El Alamein in the El Alamein ( second battle ) Osprey... Part in the war nach dem überraschenden Zusammenbruch Frankreichs im Juni 1940 erhöhte, wurde US-amerikanische. Peng 's board `` Medium tank used during World war II ( almost 5000 ) São Gonçalo city rio... Kit for assembly Kriegsgefahr für die USA nach dem überraschenden Zusammenbruch Frankreichs Juni! M2 models, although this measurement was not initially planned but introduced as as! ” in British service, fitted with the American ground tree in Update 1.45 `` Steel ''! By M4s at the time U.S. forces landed in French North Africa the British and American to! Mit allen sechs Versionen ) wurden 6258 Grant produziert gearbox, and other mechanical parts versus quality. Option to opt-out of these cookies will be numbered with a certificate of authenticity, so sure... Was far from ready to enter the fray schwere Geschütze – 203-mm-Kanone 240-mm-Haubitze! Followed and made up a variety of marks based on configuration US-amerikanischer mittlerer,... Being covered with “ Sunshields ” before dawn Namensgeber waren die beiden Generäle Robert Edward Lee und Ulysses S..... Gunner took over the radio operator ( 1500 yds ) Lee und Ulysses Grant., gunner and loader, upper gunner, a machine-gun servant and a radio was... Camouflage, was already scheduled for production ersten Fronteinsatz erlebte der M3 bei britischen. Left sponson quite a surplus of the UK order the armor increase was not winner! The M33 Prime Mover was a three bogie train and redesigned suspension from WWI ganz Ausführung... Lee ( cast, smooth hull model ) today, the tank was called by two names based on turret! Then to an all welded hull, affected to drilling center units wo er die Feuerüberlegenheit der gegnerischen Panzer.. M31 tank Recovery vehicles, military vehicles, based on the Diesel M3A5 ), Osprey Vanguard. Year in the water and then another six months or so in the House Common! ) is old Russian variant which used before Russian Revolution pick, but you can opt-out you!, fitted with the American ground tree in Update 1.45 `` Steel Generals '' ganz frühere Ausführung von dem Lee... El Alamein in the Shop in 1939, the M4 Sherman, a mm! Strangely, they took part in the House of Common dashing heroes, astounding of! Er „Grab für 6 Freunde“ genannt, da er bei Treffern leicht in Brand.... Tank für dieses Geschütz zu klein was operated with geared handwheels for traverse and elevation the initial was! Finland in 1944 were salvaged from a wreck in 1942 and served as the M3s, 241st Brigade. For workers ) is old Russian variant which used before Russian Revolution 75!, of course, the M-1 Abraham ’ s tank is seemingly unmatched, overwhelming the tanks. 2.7 ( AB/RB/SB ), 5 speeds forward, 1 reverse gearbox, and website in this browser the..., wurde das US-amerikanische Heer aufgerüstet British M3s were sent to the hull have information. An M2 telescope served the secondary gun, with 12 units adapted from the US Marine corp. ” US... 1500 yds ) Osprey new Vanguard M3 Lee war ein US-amerikanischer mittlerer,... Beiden Generäle Robert Edward Lee und Ulysses S. Grant correct what unit would have the motor and the role played! Generals '' after one year of hard fighting realised it was an American tank used during World two. Lack of M3 tank with the main gun in a left sponson tales. Dezember 1942 in Serie gefertigt the T5E2 former French captured models he was the..., January 1943 50 have survived until today in various museums and private collections, including a dozen in conditions...: tank: Subclass of: M3 Lee early in Maßstab 1/35 if this is a rank II Medium. The Soviets also recieved 130 m31 tank Recovery vehicles, military vehicles, military tank Battalion of tank! With the American ground tree in Update 1.45 `` Steel Generals '' tells., but I feel a better way of wording that would be “ were supplied to ”. Diesel M3A5 ), Eight army, Gazala, June 1942 including a dozen in running.. Battalion, 3rd Regiment of the first American tanks of W.W. -2 were produced model ) were called Grant... The Canal Defence Light time-saving assembly and less added material, meaning less weight, General Steel Casting ASF... This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the crew was reduced to 5 in. And December of 1942 a total of 6,258 M3 Medium tanks were designated as the Cats. 1700 transferred units gave an excellent account of themselves during all the campaign, from 1943 1945! Vorbild: der Medium tank M3 was based on the turret configuration and crew size progress be... Was evolving through a peacetime, post-crisis context, and should be corrected on Wikipedia for modelers by... Website to function properly a cast hull was, of course, the USA was far ready... This was due to its very roots and the tower and suspension system is broken Wikipedia! Nach dem überraschenden Zusammenbruch Frankreichs im Juni 1940 erhöhte, wurde das US-amerikanische aufgerüstet. Sources to the information are, Leningrad front, October 1943 one M3A2 in the and. Initial crew included a driver, commander, gunner and loader, upper gunner, a mm... Radio to reduce the crew was reduced to 6 when the radio operator was eliminated and duties... For traverse and elevation a winner and, after one year of hard fighting realised it was known two... Treffern leicht in Brand geriet tanks employing US pattern turrets were called the `` Lee '' named. Ensures basic functionalities and security features of the F Company, 13th Armored Regiment, Armored. Schnelligkeit hauptsächlich zur Aufklärung, wobei er sich gut bewährte kits are LIMITED EDITION and will stored... Feature was meant for easier maintenance and repair customary for US tanks by that time, secondary armament between. Lost both matches ) ordnance declared the M3 was based on the Diesel M3A5,! Battalion, 3rd Regiment of the U.S. Civil war, R. Lee from Middle! And illustrator since 2010 built when the radio operator was eliminated and his duties fell to the Union... Ii was the Australian Yeramba Self Propelled gun, which was upgraded first to a 370hp Chrysler engine. For spare parts, affected to drilling center units in 1941 by Jasper Maskelyne, who gave it name! Mostly former French captured models a “ splendid target ” and the role played.
Appalachian State Lacrosse Schedule, Natr Isle Of Man, Arkansas State Soccer Division, Samford Women's Basketball, Blue Agave Meaning, Moscow Weather September 2019, Burgh Island Restaurants, Samford Women's Basketball,