Caste system is static whereas the class system is dynamic. Hence Varna is concerned with one’s colour or occupation. Disclaimer 9. While ‘class’ represents a ‘democratic society’ having equality of opportunity, ‘caste’ is obverse of it. Following are the main differ­ences between class and caste systems: 1. 7. Class system is typically more fluid than the caste system or the other types of stratification and the boundaries between classes are never clear-cut. The difference between these forms of stratification has to do with the degree of mobility people within these categories experience. Describe the social background of emergence of Sociology in India. What do you u… Image Guidelines 5. Your email address will not be published. Both divide societies into strata from highest to lowest. This essay will critically examine Karl Marx’s and Max Weber’s theories of class inequality and prove that Weber’s theory is the most convincing in terms of explanation of social stratification in modern societies. 6. Difference Between Caste and Class: UPSC Notes – Download PDF Here. Candidates can find the general pattern of the UPSC Exams by visiting the UPSC Syllabus page. Unsurprisingly, this has resulted in a system by which society rank… Copyright 10. Account for the differences in vertical social mobility across different class societies. Difference between Caste and Class is explained here in detail. Hiller writes, “A class system is an open system of … (ii) Caste and class are not opposite to one another rather class comes within the caste system. Endogamy is the essence of caste system which is perpetuating it. sociology of caste confined, by and large, to studying caste as it exists at a particular period rather than over a course of different periods turns the relationship between 2. c. social mobility is more prevalent in class … While castes are perceived as hereditary groups with a fixed ritual status, social classes are defined in terms of the relations of production. The division of society into classes or strata, which form a hierarchy of prestige and … In the caste system, individual mobility from one caste to another is impossible. In the class system, ritual norms have no importance at all but power and wealth alone determine one’s status (Dumont, 1958). https://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Sociology/notes/class-system.html All questions carry equal marks. Is the joint family in India disintegrating? Classes depend mainly on economic differences between groupings of individuals—inequalities in possession and control of material resources—whereas in caste system non-economic factors such as influence of religion [theory of karma, rebirth and ritual (purity-pollution)] are most important. The other significant differences between class and caste are as follows (Caste and Class, n.d.): Prohibited Content 3. Social class does not act as a hindrance to occupational mobility. The individuals and families which are classified as part of the same social class have similar life chances, prestige, style of life, attitudes etc. Classes are especially the characteristic of industrial societies of Europe and America. The concept of social class was first introduced by Plato in … Caste endogamy as mechanism of recruiting and retaining control over the labor and sexuality of women existed. A person has to continue in the line of work of his ancestors irrespective of his interest, education and skills. Class systems are found in many countries with haves and have-nots mainly in terms of income and job opportunities, caste system is found mainly in India which is unique in the sense that people are born into a caste and remain ordained to live in it all their lives. In the caste system, status of a caste is determined not by the economic and the political privileges but by the ritualistic legitimation of authority. For example – Brahmin is a caste and within Brahmins we find rich Brahmins and poor Brahmins. A person belonging to a certain class is not bound by customs, rituals or traditions. An army and a labour union is the example of formal group.3. 11% lives in the North Eastern states and 4% in the rest of India. Caste works as an active political force in a village (Beteille, 1966) but class does not work so. A formal group always has a normative, hierarchical structure of status system.4. 3. 1. 8. Major difference between class and caste is that class in open for all, flexible, … Also Check: CBSE Syllabus 2020-21 (Revised & Reduced By 30%) - PDF: 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th! caste system is static whereas the class system is dynamic. A caste is a form of social stratification determined by one single factor i.e. A social class is a category of people who have a similar socio-economic status in relation to other classes in the society. Discuss the origin of caste system in India from a brahminical perspective. Note: Answer questions worth of 100 marks. Class system does not act as a political force. Here are the characterizations of caste system and the class system. Privacy Policy 8. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra. The caste system does not promote democracy, since it severely limits equal opportunity to rise from an individual’s station. Challenging this position, leading sociologist Dipankar Gupta argues that any notion of a fixed hierarchy is arbitrary and valid … … As such social mobility (movement upwards and downwards) is much more common in the class structure than in the caste system or in other types. Class of a person is based on multiple factors like economic status, education, power, achievements etc. Unlike castes or other types of strata, classes are not established by legal or religious provisions; membership is not based on inherited position as specified either legally or by custom. Let us look at these terms in detail. The key difference between caste and class is, caste is an ascribed status while class is an achieved status. Varna’s are only four in number i.e. What are the similarities and differences between the caste and class systems with regards to mobility, marriage customs, and work ethics? Class system operates mainly through large-scale connections of an impersonal kind. 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