1 Overview 2 Appearances 3 Behind the scenes 4 See also The Tank Destroyer only appeared in the campaign (most prominently the prequel mission Archetype) as an unbuildable unit used by Allied forces. This version was armed with a single M2 machine gun on a flexible mount. Download free Military wallpapers and desktop backgrounds! The hull floor was only 4.8 mm (0.19 in) The upper hull armor was also 12.7 mm (0.50 in) thick, being angled at 23 degrees from the vertical on the sides and 13 degrees from the vertical at the rear. The functional durability of each tank varies in combat, depending on its component layout and armor thickness[note]. The T70 prototype of the M18 first saw combat at Anzio, Italy, and production versions of the M18 were used in North-West Europe and Italy from the summer of 1942 onwards. Two pilot vehicles were to be built. Six pilot models – as the 76 mm Gun Motor Carriage T70 – were built with this gun. An example of the development of tank destroyer technology throughout the war are the Marder III and Hetzer vehicle, that were very different in spite of being based on the same chassis: Marder was … Most of the M18s were retired in the end of 60s but a few of them remained in service till the middle 70s for training. This ungainly looking vehicle was improvised to add serious anti-tank capabilities to mobile formations. The first 684 M18s experienced problems with their transmission gear ratios which meant they could not climb steep slopes, and were returned to the factory for modification. Panzer divisions would concentrate more than a hundred tanks … An M18 is on display at the Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The 76 mm gun M1 fitted to most Hellcats kicked up large amounts of dust when fired. IC is a typical tank destroyer designed for long-range fire. The M18 saw service primarily as the turret-less M39 Armored Utility Vehicle which was used as a prime mover, infantry carrier, and ammunition carrier. Many people request this plane (or more likely Helicopter). Weapons of the Tankers By Harry Yeide. The Pz.Sfl. This mass produced tank destroyer was officially known as the "3-inch Gun Motor Carriage (GMC) M10". Initially, these were organized in three Tank Destroyer Regiments numbered 397, 398 and 399. Originally developed as a self-propelled artillery unit, the addition of a drive system similar to that used in Imperial Heavy tanks saw it reborn as a tank destroyer. It has a large anti-tank cannon mounted on a flexible, tracked platform, which is capable of easily destroying enemy tanks, even punching through the heavy armour of Apocalypse tanksand ore miners. [25], M18s were “…not primarily used for tank fighting, but were committed more often to improvised roles, usually direct fire support for infantry.” [26]. [29] This problem was exacerbated because the air-cooled engine pulled a percentage of its cooling air through the crew compartment, creating, in effect, a large armor-plated refrigerator. [19], There were three production contracts for the Hellcat: RAD-563 covered the six pilot models. [citation needed] The platoon continued to fire and destroyed ten more German tanks while losing another two M18s. Tank destroyer battalions assigned to divisions were often split up, with tank destroyer companies attached to infantry regiments, or platoons attached to infantry battalions. After World War II, many M18s were sold to other countries. Heroes & Generals Wiki is a Fandom Gaming Community. Tank destroyer units were to be held as a reserve at the corps or army level, and were to move quickly to the site of any massed enemy tank breakthrough, maneuvering aggressively and using ambush tactics (charging or chasing enemy tanks was explicitly prohibited) to destroy enemy tanks. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Shop for tank destroyer Vehicles in the Shapeways 3D printing marketplace. Tank destroyers were often deployed to attack enemy armor at long range from an ambush position. Find unique gifts and other personal designs in Shapeways Miniatures. This site is dedicated to the men that served our country in Tank Destroyers. The reasons behind the reduction (in no particular order) were: Production of M18 Hellcats ran from July 1943 until October 1944, with 2,507 built. The testing phase of the Hellcat proved that teamwork was an essential element of the new light tank destroyer units[citation needed], and replaced the fixed, rigid structure of other units with a much more flexible command structure that allowed adapting to more complicated tasks.[12]. The U.S. Army disbanded its tank destroyer units at the end of the Cold War, and even the AH-64 Apache attack helicopter can only carry a maximum of 16 Hellfire anti-tank missiles. A number of these vehicles were later used by the Military of Serbian Krajina and Army of Republika Srpska during the Yugoslav wars. An M2 Browning machine gun with 800 rounds of ammunition was provided on a flexible ring mount for use against enemy aircraft and infantry. Beginning in June 1944, roughly the last 700 Hellcats received the M1A2 gun. In effect, they were used exactly like tanks. Separate GHQ tank battalions supported infantry in destroying fixed enemy defenses, and armored divisions then exploited the breakthrough to rush into the enemy's vulnerable rear areas. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). SU100 tank destroyer. It was the fastest U.S. armored fighting vehicle on the road. The armor of the M18 Hellcat was quite light to facilitate its high speed, and provided very little protection from the most commonly used German antitank weapons. In contrast to the M10 and M36, tank destroyers, which used the heavy chassis of the M4 Sherman, the M18 Hellcat was designed from the start to be a fast tank destroyer. The PTL02 tank destroyer is based on the Type 92 wheeled armored vehicle and is fielded along with the Type 92 infantry fighting vehicles and Type 92 armored personnel carriers. The Military of the Republic of China also operated several M18s until their chassis and hulls were worn out, at which point the turrets were salvaged and installed onto surplus hulls of M42 Duster anti-aircraft vehicles to produce Type 64 light tanks. The tank destroyer had a fixed superstructure in place of a rotating turret. Buick's engineers used a torsion bar suspension that provided a steady ride. The M18 Hellcat (officially designated the 76 mm Gun Motor Carriage M18 or M18 GMC) was an American tank destroyer of World War II, also used in the Korean War. M18s served in tank destroyer battalions supporting US Army infantry divisions in the latter stages of the war, notably in the Philippines and Okinawa. The main goal was to create a low cost but highly mobile tank destroyer. Significantly extended upgrade system and the ability to leave the tank. Especially the later… The lower front hull's angled construction was also used to form the Hellcat's sloping glacis; two plates were angled at 38 and 24 degrees from the vertical, respectively. [37] M39s saw combat during the Korean War, primarily as armored personnel and munitions carriers and were finally declared obsolete on February 14, 1957. On 19 September 1944, in the Nancy bridgehead near Arracourt, France, the 704th Tank Destroyer Battalion was attached to the 4th Armored Division. Tanks are designed to fight every threat while Tank Destroyers are designed solely for the purpose of destroying enemy tanks. [28] On December 19–20, Team Desobry, a battalion-sized tank-infantry task force of the 10th Armored Division was assigned to defend Noville located north-northeast of both Foy and of Bastogne, just 4.36 mi (7.02 km) away. Originally designed as a tank destroyer, Nimrod became an anti aircraft vehicle instead with a few converted to troop carrier/ambulance. Apr 16, 2020 - Explore Lynn Babincsak's board "Tank destroyer" on Pinterest. Lt. Edwin Leiper led one M18 platoon of C Company to Rechicourt-la-Petite, on the way to Moncourt. As a result, it was smaller, lighter, more comfortable, and significantly faster, but carried the same gun as the Sherman 76 mm models. The tank destroyer was also used as its original purpose intended.[30]. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Ten were later converted to T41/T41E1 command vehicle and prime mover prototypes, and 640 were converted to M39 Armored Utility Vehicles. 45 rounds of main gun ammunition were carried, 9 in the turret and 18 in each sponson. The Hellcat was the most effective U.S. tank destroyer of World War II. A new tank destroyer I made, Im not very creative with names so Im asking you to come up with a name. [10] The M18 was the end product of a long line of research vehicles aimed at providing the desired machine. The first models of the tank destroyer were tested by the US Army's 704th Tank Destroyer Battalion. The M18 GMC was a response to the problem to provide the tank destroyer force with a very fast tank destroyer. T-6641 was for the first 1,000 vehicles, and T-9167 was for the final 1,507 vehicles. [20][21], The M18 served primarily in Western Europe, but was also present in the Pacific. [a] Though it weighed about 20 tons, the Hellcat was capable of traveling upwards of 45 mph. Once developed, the Hellcat was tested in the same manner as passenger cars before and after it, at the General Motors Milford Proving Ground. Tank Destroyer is the real-time strategy game "red alert 2" in the sub-camp of German camp Germany's characteristics weapons. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. Like all self-propelled tank destroyer battalions, those fitted with the M18 were composed of a headquarters company, reconnaissance company, three gun companies, and a medical detachment. ... and in January 1943 it became the first destroyer to launch an airplane from its own deck. The kills-to-losses ratio for Europe was 2.3 to 1 and the overall kill to loss ratio was 2.4 to 1. After the jump, a look at an important American armored fighting vehicle. Some 650 early production M18s were converted into M39s by removing the turret and fitting seats for up to eight men in the open fighting space. It was not designed to do so, but it proved impossible to seal off the crew compartment entirely from engine induced drafts. We're hard at work trying to keep our community clean, so if you see any spam, ... Aircraft Wallpapers > Military > SU 100 tank destroyer SU 100 tank destroyer. They can still lose to Apocalyps… The lower front hull was also 12.7 mm (0.50 in) thick, being angled twice to form a nearly rounded shape; 53 degrees from the vertical and then 24 degrees from the vertical. The open-top proved an advantage in terms of allowing the TD crews significantly better visibility than their opponents, many of which were German tank destroyers that did not have revolving turrets and were handicapped by poor lateral visibility. A 1,780-gallon tank for aviation fuel was placed below deck aft of the superstructure. Its power came from Wright R-975, a nine-cylinder, 350-to-400-horsepower radial aircraft engine, paired to a three-speed 900T Torqmatic automatic transmission. Panther Soup, John Gimlette, Hutchinson 2008, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 04:17. [35] One M18 is preserved in the Greek Army Tank Museum. Medium tanks; Heavy tanks; Tank destroyers; SPAA; Gun boats; Torpedo boats; Torpedo gunboats; Naval ferry barges; Minelayers; Submarines; Submarine chasers; Destroyers; Cruisers; Aircraft carriers; Other ships. This thing has: A 75mm Bulldog Cannon, with some impressive elevation/depression angles. The tank-destroyer force was the Army’s response to the wild successes of German armor in Poland and France in 1939 and 1940. Dedicated anti-tank vehicles made their first major appearance in the Second World War as combatants developed effective armored vehicles and tactics. The main disadvantages of the M18 were its very light armor protection and open-topped turret, and the inconsistent performance of its 76 mm gun against the frontal armor of later German designs such as the Tiger and Panther. 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