The following image shows the Hive table properties: To truncate the entire Hive table, choose the option to truncate the target table. You can truncate internal and external Hive tables in the Hadoop environment. 6. TRUNCATE TABLE statement in Hive removes all the rows from the table or partition. When you issue the TRUNCATE TABLE statement, the database system deletes all rows from the table by deallocating the data pages allocated by the table. The TRUNCATE command removes all rows from the table as well as from the partition, but keeps the table structure as it is. By doing this, the RDBMS can reduce the resources for logging and the number of locks that need to acquire. @leftjoin- when we set 'EXTERNAL'='FALSE' for an external table, will it move the file location date to hive warehouse or it just help us to truncate the table. ALTER Table Command in Hive. Truncating a table in Hive is indirectly removing the files from the HDFS as a table in Hive is just a way of reading the data from the HDFS in the table or structural format. Solved: Hi All, Can we truncate partition external table ? Hive is used because the tables in Hive are similar to tables in a relational database. Hive DDL Database Commands. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. TRUNCATE TABLE [db_name].table_name Usage of TRUNCATE Table in Hive. Truncate Hive target tables to delete the table contents. TRUNCATE TABLE. it deletes all the data from the Hive meta store and the data cannot be restored. Before you proceed make sure you have HiveServer2 started and connected to Hive using Beeline. I believe this is because you have designated your Hive table as EXTERNAL. – vikrant rana May 20 '19 at 14:27 2 @vikrantrana truncate works only for managed tables, not external. Support Questions Find answers, ask questions, and share your expertise cancel. The same functionality can be achieved by using TRUNCATE TABLE (for non-partitioned tables) or DROP PARTITION followed by INSERT INTO. Truncate a Hive table in the Hive table properties. This hive command is used to truncate all the rows present in a table i.e. So it's necessary for to enhance the syntax like "TRUNCATE TABLE srcpart_truncate PARTITION (dt='201130412') FORCE;" to remove data from EXTERNAL table. Thus in this article, we have studied how to create a database, drop a database, alter a database, etc. Reply. To truncate multiple tables at a time, you can use a list of comma-separated table names after the TRUNCATE TABLE clause as follows: This could improve the performance of INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE queries especially when there are large number of partitions on tables located on S3 should the user wish to set auto.purge property to true. Syntax: TRUNCATE TABLE table_name; DDL TRUNCATE TABLE Example: Summary. While move operations are not very costly on HDFS it could be significant overhead on slow FileSystems like S3. Turn on suggestions. If you are familiar with SQL, it’s a cakewalk. External tables are most often used to manage data directly on HDFS that is loaded as CSV files, etc. Sharing an example where i faced the issue . TRUNCATE Table Command in Hive. Many users can simultaneously query the data using Hive-QL. Among several Hive DDL Commands, here I will be covering the most commonly used DDL commands.. DDL commands are used to create databases, tables, modify the structure of the table, and drop the database and tables e.t.c. hive> truncate table. Followed by INSERT INTO rows present in a table i.e if you are familiar with SQL, ’. S a cakewalk you type to acquire a cakewalk keeps the table structure as it is used to data... 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